Physical Security Assessment

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What is a physical security assessment?

A physical security assessment, also referred to as a security audit, examines the ability of a property to safeguard against both internal and external threats. It is essential to note that a physical security audit thoroughly assesses all aspects of security, ranging from the physical structure of the building and existing security systems to daily operational procedures and potential risks. The assessment aims to identify areas that require improvement before implementing any new security measures.

It is crucial to customize the physical security audit according to the specific property and the unique threats it may face. Since each property has distinct security challenges, the assessment should identify these threats and potential risks before conducting an evaluation. This approach allows for a comprehensive and accurate assessment of the property’s physical security.

Physical Security Audit
A physical security audit involves a thorough examination of various aspects related to the property, including:

During the audit, these factors are carefully analyzed to assess the effectiveness of the property’s physical security measures.

ASIS, the American Society for Industrial Security, has released the Facilities Physical Security Measures Guideline to aid businesses in identifying appropriate physical security measures for their facilities. These measures are designed to protect assets such as visitors, residents, employees, property, and information systems. While the guidelines encompass various categories of physical security measures, we will focus on the commonly recognized measures that have the most direct impact on business security levels: access controls, intrusion detection, and video surveillance.


The following information presents a checklist that can serve as a starting point for considering the fundamental elements typically assessed during a physical security audit. However, it’s important to note that these checklists are not exhaustive, as businesses may have unique combinations of security measures in place. Your security policy will outline the specific components of your physical security system to be inspected and may help identify new risks throughout the process.

How often should you perform a physical security audit?
The frequency of conducting a physical security audit depends on factors such as the size of your property and your specific security requirements. Generally, performing a physical security audit once or twice a year is adequate for most cases. However, if your property is smaller and has fewer security needs, you may consider conducting bi-annual audits. Conversely, properties with extensive security measures and valuable assets may require monthly audits.
It is important to consider the nature of your property and the types of assets it houses when determining the audit frequency. If you are unsure about the appropriate frequency, consulting with physical security assessment companies can provide valuable recommendations.
By tailoring the audit frequency to your property size and security needs, you can ensure that your physical security measures remain effective and up-to-date.

The two security audit options

Internal Audit

The business assesses its systems and data to determine if it’s complying with its own standards and policies.

External Audit

An outside group conducts the audit often to see if the organization is complying with industry standards or government regulations.
Who needs a physical security assessment?
A physical security assessment is beneficial for every property that houses physical or digital assets. Regardless of the property’s purpose, it is crucial to ensure sufficient security measures are in place to protect both occupants and assets. Even digital assets require appropriate physical security measures to prevent incidents such as data theft or loss.
Furthermore, as digital and physical spaces continue to intertwine, there is a growing need for security convergence. This involves the integration of physical security and cybersecurity, and sometimes even AI security. The merging of these domains emphasizes the importance of holistic security approaches. Therefore, physical security should receive the same level of attention and consideration as digital security efforts.
By recognizing the significance of physical security and its integration with digital and AI security, properties can effectively protect themselves from various threats and vulnerabilities.
Other Important Considerations for Better Physical Security


The strength of your physical security systems can be likened to a chain, as it is only as strong as its weakest link. Therefore, the significance of regular testing and maintenance for your physical security systems cannot be underestimated. This includes regular testing of all components, such as electronic access control systems, video surveillance systems, and security lights.

The effectiveness of many physical security measures relies on employees’ understanding of proper equipment usage and their awareness of their surroundings. It is crucial that all employees are knowledgeable about safety and security policies, procedures, and are trained on how to respond when they observe violations.

White Coast Security is a reputable provider of integrated security solutions, specializing in design, engineering, installation, and maintenance. Whether your business requires a basic intrusion alarm or a fully integrated system comprising intrusion, camera, and access control, our security professionals will collaborate with you to develop a customized and comprehensive physical security system that prioritizes the safety of your building, property, and people.

We offer assistance with conducting a physical security audit for your business, identifying any gaps in your current security system, and recommending appropriate solutions. To begin enhancing your security measures, reach out to the experienced security solutions experts at White Coast Security.