A physical security assessment, also referred to as a security audit, examines the ability of a property to safeguard against both internal and external threats. It is essential to note that a physical security audit thoroughly assesses all aspects of security, ranging from the physical structure of the building and existing security systems to daily operational procedures and potential risks. The assessment aims to identify areas that require improvement before implementing any new security measures.
It is crucial to customize the physical security audit according to the specific property and the unique threats it may face. Since each property has distinct security challenges, the assessment should identify these threats and potential risks before conducting an evaluation. This approach allows for a comprehensive and accurate assessment of the property’s physical security.
During the audit, these factors are carefully analyzed to assess the effectiveness of the property’s physical security measures.
ASIS, the American Society for Industrial Security, has released the Facilities Physical Security Measures Guideline to aid businesses in identifying appropriate physical security measures for their facilities. These measures are designed to protect assets such as visitors, residents, employees, property, and information systems. While the guidelines encompass various categories of physical security measures, we will focus on the commonly recognized measures that have the most direct impact on business security levels: access controls, intrusion detection, and video surveillance.
The following information presents a checklist that can serve as a starting point for considering the fundamental elements typically assessed during a physical security audit. However, it’s important to note that these checklists are not exhaustive, as businesses may have unique combinations of security measures in place. Your security policy will outline the specific components of your physical security system to be inspected and may help identify new risks throughout the process.
REGULAR TESTING AND MAINTENANCE ARE VITAL
The strength of your physical security systems can be likened to a chain, as it is only as strong as its weakest link. Therefore, the significance of regular testing and maintenance for your physical security systems cannot be underestimated. This includes regular testing of all components, such as electronic access control systems, video surveillance systems, and security lights.
TRAINING IS ESSENTIAL
The effectiveness of many physical security measures relies on employees’ understanding of proper equipment usage and their awareness of their surroundings. It is crucial that all employees are knowledgeable about safety and security policies, procedures, and are trained on how to respond when they observe violations.
SEEK EXPERT CONSULTATION
White Coast Security is a reputable provider of integrated security solutions, specializing in design, engineering, installation, and maintenance. Whether your business requires a basic intrusion alarm or a fully integrated system comprising intrusion, camera, and access control, our security professionals will collaborate with you to develop a customized and comprehensive physical security system that prioritizes the safety of your building, property, and people.